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The UK Will Hold its First Election in Almost 5 years. Here’s what to know


The United Kingdom is gearing up for its first national election in nearly five years, with opinion polls indicating that Prime Minister Rishi Sunak’s Conservative Party may face electoral repercussions for unfulfilled promises during its 14-year tenure in power.

The center-right Conservatives ascended to power during the global financial crisis and have since won three consecutive elections. However, their rule has been marred by economic stagnation, declining public services, and a string of controversies, leaving them vulnerable to criticism from both the left and right.

The Labour Party, positioned on the left of the political spectrum, holds a commanding lead in most polls by focusing its campaign on the theme of “Change.” Additionally, the newly emerged Reform Party is drawing support from the Conservative Party’s right wing, criticizing its leadership’s handling of immigration.

Election Process

Across the UK, voters will elect all 650 members of the House of Commons, with each constituency electing one representative. The voting system employs a “first past the post” method, where the candidate with the most votes in each constituency wins, regardless of whether they secure a majority.

The party that commands a majority in the Commons will form the next government, with its leader becoming prime minister. Labour currently appears well-positioned to lead, potentially with a significant majority.

Key Contenders

Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, a former Treasury chief who assumed office in October 2022, leads the Conservative Party into the election. His main challenger is Keir Starmer, former Director of Public Prosecutions for England and leader of the Labour Party since April 2020.

Other Parties and Dynamics

Besides Labour and the Conservatives, other parties such as the Scottish National Party, advocating Scottish independence, and the Liberal Democrats and Democratic Unionist Party, focusing on maintaining ties with Northern Ireland, could play pivotal roles in forming a coalition government if no single party secures a majority.

Issues and Challenges

The Conservatives under Sunak have grappled with numerous challenges since taking power, including managing Brexit fallout, navigating the COVID-19 pandemic, and addressing high inflation following global economic disruptions. Public discontent has been exacerbated by scandals, ethical lapses among government officials, and perceived failures in healthcare, immigration control, and environmental policy.

Election Timing and Controversy

Sunak’s decision to call the election for July 4, several months ahead of schedule, surprised many observers. The move was aimed at leveraging potential economic improvements to bolster the Conservative platform. However, allegations of insider betting on the election date have marred Sunak’s credibility.


With the parliamentary term originally slated to conclude in mid-December, the early election underscores the political maneuvering amid ongoing challenges and public scrutiny. As voters head to the polls, the outcome will shape the future political landscape of the UK, potentially ushering in significant changes after years of Conservative governance.

The UK Will Hold its First Election in Almost 5 years. Here’s what to know

Voting Under Way in UK Election

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